The formation and thermostability of MgO and MgAl2O4 nanoparticles in oxidized SiC particle-reinforced Al-Mg composites

Z. Shi, S. Ochiai, M. Gu, M. Hojo, J. C. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Interfacial reactions and their products in oxidized SiC particle-reinforced Al-Mg matrix composites were investigated using X-ray diffraction and Field EmissionScanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM). Observation of the interfacial reaction between oxidized SiC particles and aluminum alloys containing Mg showed that nanoparticles of MgO form initially and do not change form when more than 4 wt. % Mg is in the matrix. However, MgO transforms into octahedral MgAl2O4 crystals when less than 2 wt. % Mg is in the matrix. Comparison of the amounts and the sizes of the reaction products MgAl2O4 and MgO between the Al-Mg alloys with different matrix compositions shows that fewer MgAl2O4 crystals form at the surface of the particles in the 2014Al matrix composite than in the Al-2 wt. % Mg (Al-2Mg) matrix composite. Also, the size of MgAl2O 4 in the former composite is greater than that of the latter composite under the same conditions. However, the amount and the size of MgO crystals that form in the Al-4 wt. % Mg (Al-4Mg) matrix composite is almost the same as that of the Al-8 wt. % Mg (Al-8Mg) composite, and the size of MgO changes a little during heat-treatment at elevated temperatures. The amount of the reaction product (either MgO or MgAl2O4) depends on nucleation rates and density of nucleation sites on the oxidized SiC particles at the initial reaction. The more completely the nuclei cover the surface of the oxidized SiC particles, the smaller the resulting size. According to the results, an addition of Mg into the matrix can be used to control the interfacial characteristics in the oxidized SiC/Al composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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