The Structure-property Relationships of GPCR-targeted Drugs Approved between 2011 and 2021

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest family of membrane receptors and the most intensively studied drug targets. Given the physiologi-cal importance of signal transduction by GPCRs and the recent progress in the structure determination of membrane proteins, the development of GPCR antagonists and agonists is expected to continue to be a major area of medicinal chemistry research. Methods: The structure-property relationship illustrates how the modification of the chemical structure influences the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and other related properties of drug compounds. Understanding the structure-property relationships of clinically approved GPCR-targeted drugs and their analogues could provide useful information on the lead-to-candidate optimization strategies. Results: Among more than 50 GPCR antagonists and agonists approved in the last de-cade, the structure-property relationships of 17 drugs are compiled from medicinal chemistry literature, in which detailed pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties are dis-closed not only for the final drug candidate but also for key analogues generated during the lead optimization campaign. Conclusion: The structure-property relationships hereby summarized demonstrate how in vitro and in vivo properties of the membrane protein-targeted ligands could be effectively optimized, in many cases, without requiring a significant change in the molecular size. This information is expected to provide valuable insights to expedite new GPCR-tar-geted drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3527-3549
Number of pages23
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
Volume30
Issue number31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (No. 2020R1F1A1073097) and the Yangy-oung Foundation research grant in 2021.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (No. 2020R1F1A1073097) and the Yangyoung Foundation research grant in 2021.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Bentham Science Publishers.

Keywords

  • candidate selection
  • drug discovery
  • GPCR agonist
  • GPCR antagonist
  • lead optimization
  • Structure-property relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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