Thermally stable high strain and piezoelectric characteristics of (Li, Na, K)(Nb, Sb)O3-CaZrO3 ceramics for piezo actuators

Ku Tak Lee, Tae Gon Lee, Sun Woo Kim, Seok June Chae, Eun Ji Kim, Jeong Seog Kim, Ji Won Choi, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The 0.97(Na0.5K0.5)(Nb1−xSbx)O3-0.03CaZrO3 ceramic with x = 0.09 exhibits a high d33 of 518 pC/N and a strain of 0.13% at 4.0 kV/mm owing to its orthorhombic-pseudocubic polymorphic phase boundary (PPB) structure. However, these values decreased considerably above 90°C owing to its low Curie temperature (TC), indicating that its thermal stability is not sufficient for practical applications. Li2O was added to the specimen with x = 0.11 to improve its thermal stability of the strain and d33 by increasing the TC without degrading the actual d33 and strain values. The 0.97(Li0.04Na0.46K0.5)(Nb0.89Sb0.11)O3-0.03CaZrO3 ceramic, having an orthorhombic-tetragonal PPB structure, exhibits a d33 of 502 pC/N and a strain of 0.16%. This large strain was maintained up to 150°C and the d33 slightly decreased to 475 pC/N at 130°C. Therefore, this lead-free ceramic displays excellent piezoelectric characteristics with improved thermal stability, indicating that it can be applied to piezoelectric actuators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6115-6125
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST) grant from the Korean government (MSIP) (grant number CAP-17-04-KRISS). The authors also thank the KU-KIST Graduate School Program of Korea University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The American Ceramic Society


  • lead-free ceramics
  • phase transition
  • piezoelectric materials/properties
  • strain
  • thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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