Three dimensional a-Si:H thin-film solar cells with silver nano-rod back electrodes

Jihoon Jang, Minjin Kim, Yangdoo Kim, Kyungmin Kim, Seung Jae Baik, Heon Lee, Jeong Chul Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We present three dimensional (3-D) amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) thin-film solar cells with silver nano-rods as back electrodes, which are fabricated by low cost nano imprint lithography (NIL). After conformal deposition of thin metal and semiconductor layers, we can achieve a dome-shaped geometry, which is shown to be effective in reducing the reflectance at the front surface due to the graded refractive index effect. In addition, the enhancement of the diffused reflectance over a broad wavelength in this dome-shaped geometry provides light trapping due to the increase in the effective light propagation length. Using this 3-D solar cell, we achieved 54% increase in short circuit current density and 45% increase in the conversion efficiency compared to the control cells with flat Ag surfaces. This 3-D structure can be also used for improving light harvesting in various photovoltaic devices regardless of materials and structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-640
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (project no. 2009-0090912) and a research grant from Hankyong National University in the year of 2013.


  • Ag nano-rod
  • Light trapping
  • Nano imprint lithography
  • a-Si:H solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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