Three-dimensional mesostructured single crystalline Fe3O4 for ultrafast electrochemical capacitor electrode with AC line filtering performance

Jin Gu Kang, Minjeong Kim, Pa Do Kim, Byeong Kwon Ju, Sung Kon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Epitaxial growth of three-dimensional (3D) architectures has led to new opportunities in the optoelectronic devices and nanoscale thermal engineering. The feature that makes these materials distinct is to form a complex geometry while preserving crystal epitaxy. This enables to exploit functionalities given by 3D interconnected pores and suppress charge trapping at defects. One technology that finds it useful is electrochemical energy storage in response to ultrafast alternate current (AC) switch. Here, we extend the concept of 3D mesostructured single crystals to electrochemical capacitors (ECs) for AC line filtering. We present bottom-up epitaxial infilling of Fe3O4 into the self-assembled 300 nm diameter colloid templates using electrodeposition. The resulting 3D mesostructured single crystalline Fe3-δO4 (111) film (δ ≈ −0.06) is highly oriented along both out-of-plane and in-plane crystallographic orientations. The mesostructured epitaxial electrode responds as an EC capacitor to ultrafast voltage scans at a rate of 50 V s−1 and exhibits excellent AC line filtering properties at 120 Hz including the small resistor–capacitor time constant (0.86 ms), large areal capacitance (601 μF cm−2), and modest phase angle (−60°). We attribute this to combined effects of efficient charge transport in epitaxial matrix with low defect density and rapid ion diffusion through 3D interconnected periodic pores. The present study demonstrates the power of the 3D structured epitaxy as a tool of advancing the broader area of technology where fast delivery of both charge and mass is important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3490-3501
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 10

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • 3D mesostructure
  • AC line filtering
  • FeO
  • electrochemical capacitors
  • epitaxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Three-dimensional mesostructured single crystalline Fe3O4 for ultrafast electrochemical capacitor electrode with AC line filtering performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this