Three-Year Clinical Outcomes Based on Pre-Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Coronary Blood Flow Grade and Symptom-to-Balloon Time in Patients with Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Yong Hoon Kim, Ae Young Her, Seung Woon Rha, Cheol Ung Choi, Byoung Geol Choi, Soohyung Park, Dong Oh Kang, Jung Rae Cho, Ji Young Park, Sang Ho Park, Myung Ho Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We compared the 3-year clinical outcomes according to the degree of pre-percutaneous coronary intervention thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade (pre-PCI TIMI) and symptom-to-balloon time (SBT) individuals who underwent successful stent implantation with a diagnosis of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). A total of 4910 patients with NSTEMI were divided into two groups: pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 (SBT < 48 h: n = 1328, SBT ≥ 48 h: n = 558) and pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 (SBT < 48 h: n = 1965, SBT ≥ 48 h: n = 1059). The primary outcome was a 3-year all-cause death rate, and the secondary outcome was the composite endpoint of 3-year all-cause death, recurrent MI, or any repeat revascularization rate. After adjustment, in the pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 group, the 3-year all-cause death (p = 0.003), cardiac death (CD, p < 0.001), and secondary outcome (p = 0.030) values were significantly higher in the SBT ≥ 48 h group than in the SBT < 48 h group. However, patients with pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 had similar primary and secondary outcomes, regardless of the SBT group. Within the SBT < 48 h group, the pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 group exhibited significantly higher rates of 3-year all-cause death, CD, recurrent MI, and secondary outcome values than the pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 group. Patients in the SBT ≥ 48 h group with either pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 or TIMI 2/3 had similar primary and secondary outcomes. Our results suggest that shortening the SBT may confer a survival benefit in patients with NSTEMI and those in the pre-PCI TIMI 0/1 group compared to those in the pre-PCI TIMI 2/3 group.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3654
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a fund (2016-ER6304-02) by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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