Tissue-specific regulation of growth factors and clusterin by angiotensin II

Kee Hwan Yoo, Barbara A. Thornhill, Jennifer T. Wolstenholme, Robert L. Chevalier

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    49 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Angiotensin II (ANG II) has been implicated in the hypertrophic and fibrotic responses of the heart and kidney to systemic hypertension. To determine whether these actions of ANG II are related to tissue-specific stimulation of growth factors, we infused adult Sprague-Dawley rats with ANG II at 50 ng/min (low dose), 100 ng/min (high dose), or vehicle for 1 week. Rats receiving vehicle or low-dose ANG II were normotensive with normal plasma aldosterone concentration, whereas rats receiving high-dose ANG II were hypertensive with increased plasma aldosterone. Tissue fibrosis was quantified morphometrically, and messenger RNA (mRNA) for transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and prepro-epidermal growth factor (EGF) was measured in liver, heart, and renal glomeruli and tubules. In addition, mRNA was determined for clusterin, a glycoprotein expressed in response to tissue injury. Compared to vehicle, low-dose ANG II increased TGF-β1 expression in glomeruli, tubules, and heart, but not in liver, and increased EGF expression in renal tubules only. High-dose ANG II decreased clusterin expression in liver only. Fibrosis was induced by low- and high-dose ANG II in kidney and heart, but not in liver. We conclude that ANG II selectively stimulates TGF- β1 mRNA in the heart and kidney, which may contribute to cardiac and renal interstitial fibrosis resulting from activation of the renin-angiotensin system independent of hypertension. By stimulating cellular proliferation, selective stimulation by ANG II of EGF in renal tubules may amplify the effects of TGF-β1. Suppression of clusterin expression in the liver of hypertensive rats may represent a specific response to high levels of circulating ANG II or a response to hypertensive injury.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)715-722
    Number of pages8
    JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
    Volume11
    Issue number6 I
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jun

    Keywords

    • Angiotensin
    • Clusterin
    • Epidermal growth factor
    • Hypertension
    • Transforming growth factor-β

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Internal Medicine

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