We report on the facile synthesis of porous silicon structure via magnesiothermic reduction followed by coating of the surface with TiSi2. These modifications not only showed significant promise in overcoming the drastic volume change during charge and discharge cycles but also in improving the relatively low conductivity of silicon. The synthesized porous structure with a highly electrically conductive coating layer significantly enhanced the electrochemical performance in terms of cyclic stability and rate capability. The TiSi2 coating layer, which has good electrical conductivity and physical strength, enhances the conductivity and maintains the Si structure during cycling. This combination of porous structure via magnesiothermic reduction and highly conductive TiSi2 coating provides a synergistic effect, which can be seen in the improvements in electrochemical performance. This synthesis demonstrates a promising method for producing high capacity anode materials for next generation LIBs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by IBS-R006-G1. Y. M. Kim acknowledges the financial support from Samsung SDI.
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- lithium ion batteries
- magnesiothermic reduction
- titanium silicide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)