Topical review: Spins and mechanics in diamond

Donghun Lee, Kenneth W. Lee, Jeffrey V. Cady, Preeti Ovartchaiyapong, Ania C.Bleszynski Jayich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)


There has been rapidly growing interest in hybrid quantum devices involving a solid-state spin and a macroscopic mechanical oscillator. Such hybrid devices create exciting opportunities to mediate interactions between disparate quantum bits (qubits) and to explore the quantum regime of macroscopic mechanical objects. In particular, a system consisting of the nitrogen-vacancy defect center (NV center) in diamond coupled to a high-quality-factor mechanical oscillator is an appealing candidate for such a hybrid quantum device, as it utilizes the highly coherent and versatile spin properties of the defect center. In this paper, we will review recent experimental progress on diamond-based hybrid quantum devices in which the spin and orbital dynamics of single defects are driven by the motion of a mechanical oscillator. In addition, we discuss prospective applications for this device, including long-range, phonon-mediated spin-spin interactions, and phonon cooling in the quantum regime. We conclude the review by evaluating the experimental limitations of current devices and identifying alternative device architectures that may reach the strong coupling regime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033001
JournalJournal of Optics (United Kingdom)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.


  • NV center
  • diamond
  • hybrid quantum systems
  • mechanical resonators
  • optomechanics
  • qubits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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