Toxicity of hexavalent chromium to Daphnia magna: Influence of reduction reaction by ferrous iron

Sang D. Kim, Kyeong S. Park, Man B. Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


The reaction kinetics of hexavalent chromium with ferrous ions were studied to determine the influence of reduction on the toxicity of chromium to aquatic organisms. The changes in chemical forms of the chromate in the presence of ferrous ions were examined in a bioassay system using Daphnia magna as a test organism. This study demonstrated that the reaction kinetics of chromate with ferrous ions showed a significant decrease of chromate concentration with the second-order rate coefficient (k) for the reduction of Cr(VI) being determined as 55.2M-1s-1. The concentration of Cr(VI) remaining in the solution decreased as the ratio of ferrous ion to chromate increased, revealing a non-stoichiometric reaction due to oxygenation and the moderately alkaline pH of the solutions. The toxicity test indicated that the bioavailability of chromate to D. magna was reduced in the presence of Fe(II) and that it decreased further with increasing Fe(II) concentrations. However, the toxic effect of chromate to aquatic organisms was not controlled kinetically in the presence of ferrous ions. It was also found that LC50 of chromate to D. magna decreased about 1.5-fold as the test period increased from 24 to 48h in the presence of Fe(II).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jul 22
Externally publishedYes


  • Daphnia magna
  • Ferrous ion
  • Hexavalent chromium
  • Reduction
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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