Toxicity of synthetic chelators and metal availability in poultry manure amended Cd, Pb and As contaminated agricultural soil

Adel R.A. Usman, Yaser A. Almaroai, Mahtab Ahmad, Meththika Vithanage, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


Chelating agents added to contaminated soils may increase solubility and phytoextraction efficiency of soil metals. However, they can create negative effects on soil biological quality. A 90-day incubation experiment was conducted to evaluate mixed effects of chelating agents and poultry manure on changes in available Cd, Pb and As, CO2-C efflux, microbial biomass C, dissolved organic C (DOC), and N mineralization in metal-polluted agricultural soil. Application of poultry manure resulted in a considerable increase in soil pH, DOC, CO2-C efflux, net N mineralization, net N nitrification, and microbial biomass C compared to those in unmanured soil. Availability of arsenic increased twice in manure amended soil due to changes in pH and DOC. However, adding poultry manure did not affect the concentrations of available Pb and Cd compared to those in control soil. Chelating agents increased CO2-C efflux, DOC, and metal availability but decreased microbial biomass C and net N mineralization. Maximum decrease in microbial biomass C, net N mineralization, and net N nitrification, was observed in EDTA applied soil possibly due to high metal availability to soil microorganisms. Overall results revealed that the application of synthetic chelators in combination with poultry manure enhances available As and demonstrates better environment for soil biota.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1022-1030
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 15
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Foundation through the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( 2012R1A1B3001409 ). The instrumental analysis was partly supported by the Korea Basic Science Institute, the Environmental Research Institute and the Central Laboratory of the Kangwon National University in Korea.


  • Chelating agent
  • Microbial biomass
  • Nitrogen mineralization
  • Phytoavailability
  • Soil biological quality
  • Soil respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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