Toxicity Reduction of Microcystis Aeruginosa Using Microbubble Ozonation

Gwiwoong Nam, Min Seo Jeon, Yoon E. Choi, Jinho Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to investigate microbubble ozonation for the removal of toxic cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa. The microbubble ozonation (30 min) at 3.47 mg O3 L−1 decreased the M. aeruginosa concentration from 1.5 × 107 to 0.8 × 107 cell mL−1. However, the acute toxicity (48 h) to Daphnia magna (<24 h old) was considerably increased after the microbubble ozonation, possibly owing to the release of intracellular microcystins (MCs). Considering the release of toxic MCs, the microbubble ozonation was optimized at an environmentally relevant concentration (1.74 × 106 cell mL−1) of M. aeruginosa. Microbubble ozonation at 0.26–1.92 mg O3 L−1 for 30 min removed M. aeruginosa by 26 to 83% without any acute toxicity on D. magna. Moreover, D. magna feeding enhanced the removal rate from 85 to 100% for 48 h. These findings suggest that microbubble ozonation, possibly combined with D. magna biomanipulation, can be a promising tool to control toxic cyanobacteria in ambient water.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOzone: Science and Engineering
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by an OJERI (OJEong Resilience Institute) Grants and by Global Infrastructure Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2019K1A3A1A80110163).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Ozone Association.


  • Acute toxicity
  • Water flea
  • cyanobacteria
  • microbubble
  • microcystin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry


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