Transgenerational effects of polyethylene microplastic fragments containing benzophenone-3 additive in Daphnia magna

Jinyoung Song, Changhae Kim, Joorim Na, Nüket Sivri, Palas Samanta, Jinho Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maternal exposure to microplastics (MPs) plays an important role in the fitness of unexposed progeny. In this study, the transgenerational effects of polyethylene MP fragments (17.35 ± 5.50 µm) containing benzophenone-3 (BP-3; 2.85 ± 0.16% w/w) on chronic toxicity (21 d) in Daphnia magna were investigated across four generations. Only D. magna in the F0 generation was exposed to MP fragments, MP/BP-3 fragments, and BP-3 leachate to identify the transgenerational effect in the F3 generation. The mortality of D. magna induced by MP and MP/BP-3 fragments was recovered in the F3 generation, but somatic growth and reproduction significantly decreased compared to the control. Additionally, reproduction of D. magna exposed to BP-3 leachate significantly decreased in the F3 generation. These findings confirmed the transgenerational effects of MP fragment and BP-3 additive on D. magna. Particularly, the adverse effect on D. magna reproduction seemed to be cumulative across four generations for MP/BP-3 fragments, while it was an acclimation trend for BP-3 leachate. However, there was no significant difference in global DNA methylation in D. magna across four generations, thus requiring a gene-specific DNA methylation study to identify different epigenetic transgenerational inheritance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129225
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
Volume436
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Korean government ( NRF-2019R1A2C1002890 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Chronic toxicity
  • Microplastic
  • Multigeneration
  • Plastic additive
  • Zooplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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