Transient analysis and design model of a LiBr-H2O absorber with rotating drums

Yong T. Kang, Richard N. Christensen

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyzes combined heat and mass transfer during the absorption of water vapor into a lithium bromide-water (LiBr-H2O) liquid film and develops a transient modeling method for a rotating absorber. A horizontal cylinder within a cylinder-type heat exchanger was used. While the outer cylinder is held stationary, the inner cylinder is rotated at an appropriate speed to enhance heat and mass transfer during the absorption process. The effects of the length of the cylinder, diameter of the inner cylinder, clearance between the two cylinders, and angular velocity on the absorber performance were investigated. The results show that the absorption rate decreased with elapsed time for a given angular velocity. Changing the length had a more significant effect in short cylinders than in long cylinders. The time required to absorb all the initial vapor was strongly affected by the diameter at a low angular velocity. The effect of clearance on the time required to absorb the vapor was more considerable at a narrower clearance than at a wider clearance. The optimum angular velocity exists for both thermal and geometric conditions of the rotating absorber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1174
Number of pages12
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1995 ASHRAE Annual Meeting - Chicago, IL, USA
Duration: 1995 Jan 291995 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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