TriAAN-VC: Triple Adaptive Attention Normalization for Any-to-Any Voice Conversion

Hyun Joon Park, Seok Woo Yang, Jin Sob Kim, Wooseok Shin, Sung Won Han

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Voice Conversion (VC) must be achieved while maintaining the content of the source speech and representing the characteristics of the target speaker. The existing methods do not simultaneously satisfy the above two aspects of VC, and their conversion outputs suffer from a trade-off problem between maintaining source contents and target characteristics. In this study, we propose Triple Adaptive Attention Normalization VC (TriAAN-VC), comprising an encoder-decoder and an attention-based adaptive normalization block, that can be applied to non-parallel any-to-any VC. The proposed adaptive normalization block extracts target speaker representations and achieves conversion while minimizing the loss of the source content with siamese loss. We evaluated TriAAN-VC on the VCTK dataset in terms of the maintenance of the source content and target speaker similarity. Experimental results for one-shot VC suggest that TriAAN-VC achieves state-of-the-art performance while mitigating the trade-off problem encountered in the existing VC methods.

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 IEEE.


  • adaptive attention normalization
  • any-to-any
  • siamese loss
  • voice conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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