Triple-Peak Photoluminescence of DNA-Hybrid Alq3 Crystals Emitting a Depressed Single Peak upon Bio-Recognition

Jin Soo Seo, Hanzhe Liu, Yong Ho Cho, Woo Hyuk Jung, Seokho Kim, Dong June Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The green organic semiconductor, tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq3), was hybridized with DNA growing in the shape of hexagonal prismatic crystals. In this study, we applied hydrodynamic flow to the fabrication of Alq3 crystals doped with DNA molecules. The hydrodynamic flow in the Taylor-Couette reactor induced nanoscale pores in the Alq3 crystals, especially at the side part of the particles. The particles exhibited distinctly different photoluminescence emissions divided into three parts compared to common Alq3-DNA hybrid crystals. We named this particle a “three-photonic-unit”. After treatment with complementary target DNA, the three-photonic-unit Alq3 particles doped with DNAs were found to emit depressed luminescence from side parts of the particles. This novel phenomenon would expand the technological value of these hybrid crystals with divided photoluminescence emissions toward a wider range of bio-photonic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29406-29412
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun 21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF 2021R1A2C3009955) and a Korea University Grant.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Chemical Society.


  • Taylor−Couette reactor
  • hydrodynamic flow
  • photoluminescence emission
  • three-photonic-unit Alq particles
  • treatment with perfect-matched target DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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