Exploring efficient approaches to design electrodes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is of great advantage to overcome the current limitations of the standard platinum supported carbon (Pt/C) catalyst. Herein, a Pt/C electrode consisting of double catalyst layers (DCL) with low Pt loading of around 0.130 mgPt cm-2 is prepared using spray and electrophoresis (EPD) methods. The DCL electrode demonstrated a higher electrochemical surface area (ECSA-52.5 m2 gPt-1) and smaller internal resistance (133 Ω) as compared to single catalyst layer (SCL) sprayed (37.1 m2 gPt-1 and 184 Ω) or EPD (42.4 m2 gPt-1 and 170 Ω) electrodes. In addition, the corresponding DCL membrane electrode assembly (MEA), which consists of a Pt/C DCL electrode at the anode side and a Pt/C sprayed electrode at the cathode side, also showed improved PEMFC performance as compared to others. Specifically, the DCL MEA generated the highest power density of 4.9 W mgPt-1, whereas, the SCL MEAs only produced 3.1 and 3.8 W mgPt-1, respectively. The superior utilization of the Pt catalysts into the DCL MEA can originate from the enrichment of the triple phase boundary (TPB) presented on the Pt/C DCL electrode, which can strongly promote the adsorbed hydrogen intermediates' removal from the anode side, thus improving the overall PEMFC performance.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by (1) BK21 plus program from the Ministry of Education and Human-Resource Development, South of Korea; (2) National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (BRL No. 2015042417, 2016R1A2B4014090, 2017R1A2B3006141) and (3) LINC Plus Research Project (2018-C-G022-010102).
© The Royal Society of Chemistry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)