Twin-cell detection (TCD): A code acquisition scheme in the presence of fractional doppler frequency offset

Seokho Yoon, Suk Chan Kim, Jun Heo, Iickho Song, Sun Yong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


As a novel code-acquisition scheme, the twin-cell detection (TCD) is proposed for the acquisition in time of spread-spectrum codes in the presence of fractional Doppler frequency offset (FDFO). When the FDFO exists, the correlation peak that is used for detection during the acquisition process is split into two neighboring peaks with smaller magnitudes, which results in a considerable degradation in the overall acquisition performance of conventional schemes. In the TCD, the decision variable for detection is formed by combining two consecutive correlator outputs so that the influence of the reduction in the correlation peak due to the FDFO can be alleviated. The numerical results show that the TCD can offer a better mean-time-to-synchronization performance than the conventional scheme based on the cell-by-cell detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-1803
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 18, 2006; revised June 11, 2007 and January 4, 2008. First published May 14, 2008; current version published April 22, 2009. This work was supported by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE), Korea, under the Information Technology Research Center (ITRC) support program supervised by the Institute for Information Technology Advancement (IITA) under IITA-2008-C1090-0803-0002. The review of this paper was coordinated by Prof. R. M. Buehrer.


  • Code acquisition
  • Fractional Doppler frequency offset (FDFO)
  • Spread-spectrum
  • Spread-spectrum (SS)
  • Twin-cell detection (TCD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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