Two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis reveals that lipid rafts are intact at physiological temperature

Ki Bum Kim, Sang Il Kim, Hyo Jung Choo, Ji Hyun Kim, Young Gyu Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Different proteins are found in lipid rafts depending on the isolation method. For example, insulin receptor was predominantly found in lipid raft fractions prepared from HepG2 cells with Brij 35, but were not present in lipid rafts isolated with Triton X-100. In order to assess the effect of detergent type and temperature on raft isolation, raft proteins from HepG2 cells were analyzed by two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis. More raft protein spots appeared when rafts were isolated by Brij 35 than by Triton X-100. In addition, more raft proteins were found when isolated at 37°C than at 4°C, indicating that lipid rafts are much more stable at physiological temperature (37°) in the presence of detergents. Indeed, lipid-modified proteins, such as Src and Lyn, were found in raft fractions even when detergent-resistant rafts were isolated at room or physiological temperature. The 2-D gel profile of raft proteins isolated with detergent-free (high-pH/carbonate) method was considerably similar to that of detergent-resistant raft proteins but contained a greater number of distinct protein spots. Whereas many detergent-resistant raft proteins disappeared upon cellular exposure to methyl-β-cyclodextrin, high pH/carbonate-resistant raft proteins did not, suggesting that many of proteins isolated by high pH/carbonate could be contaminants. Considering these data, we conclude that liquid-ordered state of detergent-resistant lipid rafts is not destroyed at physiological temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3527-3535
Number of pages9
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov


  • Brij 35
  • Insulin receptor
  • Lipid rafts
  • Physiological temperature
  • Triton X-100
  • Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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