Two-Stage De-binding for Cu Electrode Application to PZT-PZNN Multilayer Actuator

Sung Cheul Hong, Zeehoon Park, Dong Hun Yeo, Hyo Soon Shin, Sahn Nahm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To fabricate a multilayer actuator by applying Cu paste by the tape casting method, the correlation between the amount of residual carbon from the de-binding process and the sinterability was reviewed and the effect of the former on the piezoelectric properties was observed. The Cu electrode must be fired in a reducing atmosphere to prevent oxidation, but a preliminary de-binding process was performed in an oxidizing atmosphere for effective binder burn-out. After performing a preliminary de-binding process for 24 h in an oxidizing atmosphere, the residual carbon amount was measured with a variation of the main de-binding temperatures in a reducing atmosphere to find the optimal binder burn-out process conditions. As a result of co-firing the specimens (obtained from the two-stage de-binding) in a reducing atmosphere at 900 °C, the maximum sintered density was 7.65 g/cm3. When the final residual carbon amount increased from 0.02 to 0.09 wt%, the capacitance value showed a tendency to decrease from 23.16 to 12.26 nF, and the electrical resistance value increased from 0.2 to 0.8 Ω.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-354
Number of pages7
JournalTransactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding was provided by Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (Grant No. 10077326).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers.


  • Actuator
  • Cu
  • Reduction atmosphere
  • Residual carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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