Even under gravitational loading alone, horizontally curved girders experience not only bending moment but also torsional moment. The torsional moment acting on open sections simultaneously produces shear and normal stress due to pure and warping torsion respectively. Consequently, bending moment, pure torsion and warping torsion are coupled, which results in a very complicated stress state that makes it difficult to calculate the ultimate strength of horizontally curved members. This study revealed that the initial curvature can reduce the ultimate strength of horizontally curved members by up to 50%. Although current design specifications such as the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, suggest some alternatives, the exact behavior of a curved member cannot be considered well with those provisions. While it is true that the one-third rule is convenient to apply and gives good results, there is no strength equation for curved members. In order to derive an adequate strength equation for curved members, this research suggests a new concept of ultimate state. Finite element analysis using ABAQUS is used to consider the effects of sectional rigidities for bending, pure torsion and non-uniform torsion separately. Finally, an ultimate strength equation is suggested for simply supported curved girders that are subjected to equal end moments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program ( NRF-2015R1C1A1A01052250 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning.
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
- Finite element analysis
- Horizontally curved girder
- Lateral torsional buckling
- Ultimate strength
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering