Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete: Shrinkage strain development at early ages and potential for cracking

D. Y. Yoo, N. Banthia, Y. S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the effects of the concrete-ring thickness and steel fiber on the restrained shrinkage behavior of ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) using the ring test. To do this, three different concrete-ring thicknesses (tc=20, 30, and 40 mm) and two different fiber contents (Vf=0 % and 2 %) were considered. The test results indicated that the ring specimen without fiber exhibited shrinkage cracking after nearly 1.4 days because of its low tensile strength, whereas no shrinkage cracking was observed for the ring specimens with fibers during testing. A thicker concrete ring provided lower residual stress, relaxed stress, degree of restraint, and cracking potential. Therefore, it was concluded that using steel fiber and increasing the concrete thickness perpendicular to the tensile stress direction can improve the shrinkage cracking resistance of UHPFRC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Testing and Evaluation
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (NRF-2016R1A2B3011392).

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2017 by ASTM International.


  • Cracking
  • Relaxed stress
  • Ring test
  • Shrinkage
  • Ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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