Ultrafast dynamics and near-field optics of light transmission through plasmonic crystals

C. Lienau, C. Ropers, G. Stibenz, G. Steinmeyer, R. Müller, D. J. Park, K. G. Lee, J. Kim, Q. H. Park, D. S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Using near-field scanning optical microscopy and ultrafast laser spectroscopy, we study the linear optical properties of subwavelength nanoslit and nanohole arrays in metal films, which are prototype structures for novel plasmonic crystals. Near-field microscopy provides direct evidence for surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excitation and allows for spatial imaging of the corresponding SPP modes. By employing spectral interferometry with ultrashort 11-fs light pulses, we directly reconstruct the temporal structure of the electric field of these pulses as they are transmitted through the metallic nanostructures. The analysis of these data allows for a quantitative extraction of the plasmonic band structure and the radiative damping of the corresponding SPP modes. Clear evidence for plasmonic band gap formation is given. Our results reveal that the coherent coupling between different SPP modes can result in a pronounced suppression of radiative SPP damping, increasing the SPP lifetime from 30 fs to more than 200 fs. These findings are relevant for optimizing and manipulating the optical properties of novel nano-plasmonic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number06
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventOpto-Ireland 2005: Optoelectronics, Photonic Devices, and Optical Networks - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 2005 Apr 42005 Apr 6


  • Enhanced transmission
  • Femtosecond
  • Metal nanostructures
  • Near-field microscopy
  • Subradiance
  • Surface plasmon polaritons
  • Ultrafast spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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