Lead sulfide (PbS) quantum dots (QDs) have great potential in optoelectronic applications because of their desirable characteristics as a light absorber for near-infrared (NIR) photodetection. However, most PbS-based NIR photodetectors are two-terminal devices, which require an integrated pixel circuit to be practical photosensors. Here we report on PbS QD/indium gallium zinc oxide (InGaZnO, IGZO) metal oxide semiconductor hybrid phototransistors with a photodetection capability between 700 and 1400 nm, a range that neither conventional Si nor InGaAs photodetectors can cover. The new hybrid phototransistor exhibits excellent photoresponsivity of over 106AW-1 and a specific detectivity in the order of 1013 Jones for NIR (1000 nm) light. Furthermore, we demonstrate an NIR (1300 nm) imager using photogating inverter pixels based on PbS/IGZO phototransistors at an imaging frequency of 1 Hz with a high output voltage photogain of ∼ 4.9 V (∼99%). To the best of our knowledge, this report demonstrates the first QD/metal oxide hybrid phototransistor-based flat panel NIR imager. Our hybrid approach using QD/metal oxide paves the way for the development of gate-tunable and highly sensitive flat panel NIR sensors/imagers that can be easily integrated.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Modelling and Simulation
- General Materials Science
- Condensed Matter Physics