Ultrasonically enhanced electrochemical oxidation of ibuprofen

Binota Thokchom, Kyungho Kim, Jeonghyuk Park, Jeehyeong Khim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


A hybrid advanced oxidation process combining sonochemistry (US) and electrochemistry (EC) for the batch scale degradation of ibuprofen was developed. The performance of this hybrid reactor system was evaluated by quantifying on the degradation of ibuprofen under the variation in electrolytes, frequency, applied voltage, ultrasonic power density and temperature in aqueous solutions with a platinum electrode. Among the methods examined (US, EC and US/EC), the hybrid method US/EC resulted 89.32%, 81.85% and 88.7% degradations while using NaOH, H2SO4 and deionized water (DI), respectively, with a constant electrical voltages of 30 V, an ultrasound frequency of 1000 kHz, and a power density of 100 W L-1 at 298 K in 1 h. The degradation was established to follow pseudo first order kinetics. In addition, energy consumption and energy efficiencies were also calculated. The probable mechanism for the anodic oxidation of ibuprofen at a platinum electrode was also postulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-436
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( KRF-2009-0092799 ).


  • Electrolysis
  • Ibuprofen
  • Pseudo first-order kinetics
  • Sonoelectrolysis
  • Sonolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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