Uncertainty-aware soft sensor using Bayesian recurrent neural networks

Minjung Lee, Jinsoo Bae, Seoung Bum Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Data-driven soft sensors have been widely used to measure key variables for industrial processes. Soft sensors using deep learning models have attracted considerable attention and shown superior predictive performance. However, if a soft sensor encounters an unexpected situation in inferring data or if noisy input data is used, the estimated value derived by a standard soft sensor using deep learning may at best be untrustworthy. This problem can be mitigated by expressing a degree of uncertainty about the trustworthiness of the estimated value produced by the soft sensor. To address this issue of uncertainty, we propose using an uncertainty-aware soft sensor that uses Bayesian recurrent neural networks (RNNs). The proposed soft sensor uses a RNN model as a backbone and is then trained using Bayesian techniques. The experimental results demonstrated that such an uncertainty-aware soft sensor increases the reliability of predictive uncertainty. In comparisons with a standard soft sensor, it shows a capability to use uncertainties for interval prediction without compromising predictive performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101434
JournalAdvanced Engineering Informatics
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct


  • Bayesian deep learning
  • Recurrent neural networks
  • Soft sensor
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence


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