UniQGAN: Towards Improved Modulation Classification with Adversarial Robustness Using Scalable Generator Design

Insup Lee, Wonjun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Automatic modulation classification (AMC) has been envisioned as a significant element for security issues at the physical layer due to its indispensable role in accurate communications. Recent attention to deep learning has impacted the AMC, which exhibits exceptional performance without manual feature engineering. To guarantee the accuracy and robustness of deep learning-based AMC, data augmentation is a critical issue. While existing studies have used several deep generative models to handle the data insufficiency, these studies face three challenges including low scalability, lengthy training time, and limited accuracy improvement. To this end, this paper presents UniQGAN, a novel unified generative architecture that models I/Q constellation diagrams from various signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) using a single model. The proposed method enables the generation of high-quality data with a scalable generator, while requiring reduced training time. At the core of UniQGAN are <italic>multi-conditions embedding</italic> and <italic>multi-domains classification</italic> techniques that leverage both SNR and modulation type during the optimization process to enable unified modeling. Using abundant high-quality training data, UniQGAN accelerates the enhanced AMC with high performance and adversarial robustness. Experimental results demonstrate that the data generation by UniQGAN achieves superiority in terms of scalability, training time, and accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:


  • Adversarial robustness
  • automatic modulation classification
  • data augmentation
  • Data models
  • deep learning
  • Deep learning
  • GAN
  • Generative adversarial networks
  • Generators
  • Robustness
  • Security
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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