## Abstract

Knots have been considered to be useful models for simulating molecular chains such as DNA and proteins. One quantity that we are interested in is the molecular knot and the minimum number of monomers necessary to realize a knot. In this paper, we consider every knot in the cubic lattice. In particular, the minimum length of a knot indicates the minimum length necessary to construct the knot in the cubic lattice. Diao introduced this term (he used 'minimum edge number' instead) and proved that the minimum length of the trefoil knot 3 _{1} is 24. Also the minimum lengths of the knots 4_{1} and 5_{1} are known to be 30 and 34, respectively. In this paper we find a general upper bound of the minimum length of a nontrivial knot K, except the trefoil knot, in terms of the minimum crossing number c(K). The upper bound is 3/2c(K)^{2}-2c(K)+1/2. Moreover, if K is a non-alternating prime knot, then the upper bound is 3/2c(K)^{2}-4c(K)+5/2. Our work can be considered a direct consequence of the results obtained by the authors in Hong et al (2012 arXiv:1209.0048). Furthermore, if K is (n + 1, n)-torus knot, then the upper bound is 6c(k)+2̄c(k)+1+6.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 125001 |

Journal | Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical |

Volume | 46 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2013 Mar 29 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Modelling and Simulation
- Mathematical Physics
- General Physics and Astronomy