Background Psoriasis has been considered as a T-helper 1 cell-mediated autoimmune disease driven by collaboration with multiple components of innate and acquired immune cells. Natural killer (NK) cells have been shown to bridge innate and acquired immunity, and thus could potentially contribute to the pathophysiology of psoriasis. Objectives To investigate the phenotypic changes of circulating NK cells in patients with new-onset psoriasis. Methods Fifteen patients with plaque psoriasis (eight women and seven men) who visited our clinic after their first episode of psoriasis and did not have a history of previous systemic therapy or phototherapy participated in this study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and stained with a panel of antibodies against cell surface receptors expressed on T and?or NK cells and analysed by flow cytometry. Results As compared with normal healthy volunteers, patients with new-onset psoriasis showed no significant changes in numbers of peripheral NK, NK-T or T cells. NK activating receptors 2B4, CD48, NKG2D, CD16 and CD56 were found to be unchanged in new-onset psoriasis. However, the expression of Fas (activationinduced death receptor) was upregulated, whereas the expression of the NK inhibitory receptors CD94 and NKG2A was dramatically reduced on NK cells of new-onset psoriasis. These changes occurred at the level of mean fluorescent intensity, but minimally affected percentages of cells expressing Fas, CD94 and NKG2A. Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that changes in the expression of Fas and CD94?NKG2A receptors on NK cells may occur during new-onset psoriasis, and are likely to contribute to the pathogenesis of psoriasis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||British Journal of Dermatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
- NK activating receptors
- NK inhibitory receptors
- Natural killer cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas