Valuation of estimation toxic chemical release inventory method-focusing on paint manufacturing process

Hyo Eun Lee, Eun Hae Huh, Yi Yoon, Seok J. Yoon, Da An Huh, Kyong Whan Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Industrial chemicals differ in their treatment methods and types, depending on their physicochemical properties. Highly volatile chemicals are emitted despite installation of preventive facilities, such as scrubbers and adsorption towers. Some countries release a Toxic Release Inventory (TRI), which is a mandatory report on the amount of chemicals emitted annually. This report is released to the citizens to ensure their right to knowledge and life. Numerous methods have been devised to investigate the amount of chemical emissions. There are four methods to estimate TRI emissions (Emission Factor Method; Material Balance Method; Source Testing Method; Emission Model Method). Moreover, efforts have been made to increase awareness and formulate plans to reduce chemical emissions. Despite this, the TRI method tends to underestimate and overestimate, especially due to volatile compounds. If the results of the TRI emissions are underestimated, toxic chemicals can have a negative impact on citizens. Volatile compounds are commonly used in chemical manufacturing plants, such as paint plants. In this study, a suitable method for each industrial process was suggested based on conservative estimates of multiple toxic chemical inventory method, focusing on the paint manufacturing process. In the paint manufacturing plant, storage, weighing, and mixing processes should be used emission model method to estimate TRI. In the reaction process, TRI must be estimated by the source test method. In the transfer process, the emission factor method should be used to estimate TRI. In the atmosphere prevention process, the emission factor method or source testing method should be used depending on the physical and chemical properties such as vapor pressure of the chemical.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3260
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was made possible in part thanks to a Calvert library award at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Thanks to Lyndsey Craig, Aislin Edalgo, Madi Edgmon, Alex Nelson and Jimmy Vuong for feedback on an earlier draft of the manuscript. We would also like to thank Brandon Church for his assistance with recruitment.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Emission factor method
  • Emission model method
  • Material balance method
  • Paint manufacturing process
  • Source testing method
  • Toxic release inventory
  • Volatile chemical substance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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