Versatile approaches to tune a nanocolumnar structure for optimized electrical properties of In2O3 based gas sensor

Soo Deok Han, Myoung Sub Noh, Sangtae Kim, Young Seok Shim, Young Geuon Song, Kwangjae Lee, Hae Ryung Lee, Sahn Nahm, Seok Jin Yoon, Jin Sang Kim, Chong Yun Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we demonstrate tuning of electrical properties and sensing responses of In2O3 nanocolumnar structure via varying glancing angle (GLAD) deposition conditions by e-beam evaporator. The varied deposition conditions include glancing angle, vacuum level and deposition rate. The electrical property of In2O3 nanostructured thin films, demonstrated by the base resistance, change up to 3 orders of magnitude from 110 Ω to 103104 Ω depending on the porosity of nanocolumnar structure and oxygen vacancy concentration. This variation in electrical property transfers to the tuning of gas sensing response, and we achieve tuning the same material (In2O3) based gas sensors to better perform for specific type of gases (either oxidizing or reducing). The highest responses achieved in this work reached up to 176 for oxidizing gases (5 ppm NO2, Rgas/Rair) and 929 for reducing gases (50 ppm C2H5OH, Rair/Rgas). Therefore, we demonstrate that gas sensors can be optimized for specific type of target gases with the same material, via simple control of deposition conditions. Along with the high reproduciblility and sensitivity, this puts the nanocolumnar thin film based gas sensors by GLAD with huge potential for further miniaturization and mass production, suitable for the upcoming IoT era.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-901
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Gas sensor
  • Glancing angle deposition
  • Indium oxides
  • Internet of things
  • Nanocolumnar thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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