Veterinary antibiotics contamination in water, sediment, and soil near a swine manure composting facility

Yasser M. Awad, Sung Chul Kim, Samy A.M. Abd El-Azeem, Kye Hoon Kim, Kwon Rae Kim, Kangjoo Kim, Choong Jeon, Sang Soo Lee, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

169 Citations (Scopus)


Antibiotics have been commonly used to prevent animal diseases and promote livestock productivity. However, its release into the surrounding environments leads to ecological disturbance and risks to human health. This study was conducted to monitor the occurrence and seasonal variations of antibiotics in water, sediment, and soil close to a swine manure composting facility, Korea. Various types of antibiotics such as tetracyclines (TCs) including tetracycline, chlortetracycline, and oxytetracycline, and sulfonamides (SAs) including sulfamethazine, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfathiazole were measured by the high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry via a solid-phase extraction. In the results it was identified that the variations of measured antibiotics' concentrations in water, sediment, and soil are depending on the season. The observed concentration levels of TCs were higher in winter than in summer season, indicating that the low temperature is a parameter attributing to interruption of its degradation in water, sediment, and soil. The concentration levels of SAs were significantly higher than those of TCs and in general, all measured antibiotics' concentrations were also in general higher in Korea when compared to those in other countries. The long-term monitoring of antibiotics' residues in aquatic and terrestrial environments is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1433-1440
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgments This research was supported by the Ministry of Environment as ‘‘The GAIA project’’ in Korea. Instrumental analysis was supported by the Korea Basic Science Institute, Institute of Environmental Research and the Central Laboratory of Kangwon National University in Korea.


  • Environment
  • Solid-phase extraction
  • Sulfonamides
  • Tetracyclines
  • Veterinary antibiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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