Vibrational solvatochromism is a solvation-induced effect on fundamental vibrational frequencies of molecules in solutions. Here we present a detailed first-principle coarse-grained theory of vibrational solvatochromism, which is an extension of our previous work [B. Błasiak, H. Lee, and M. Cho, J. Chem. Phys. 139(4), 044111 (2013)] by taking into account electrostatic, exchange-repulsion, polarization, and charge-transfer interactions. By applying our theory to the model N-methylacetamide-water clusters, solute-solvent interaction-induced effects on amide I vibrational frequency are fully elucidated at Hartree-Fock level. Although the electrostatic interaction between distributed multipole moments of solute and solvent molecules plays the dominant role, the contributions from exchange repulsion and induced dipole-electric field interactions are found to be of comparable importance in short distance range, whereas the charge-transfer effect is negligible. The overall frequency shifts calculated by taking into account the contributions of electrostatics, exchange-repulsion, and polarization terms are in quantitative agreement with ab initio results obtained at the Hartree-Fock level of theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry