Visualization of bubble behavior and bubble diameter correlation for NH3-H2O bubble absorption

Yong Tae Kang, T. Nagano, Takao Kashiwagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The objectives of this paper are to visualize the bubble behavior for an ammonia-water absorption process, and to study the effect of key parameters on ammonia-water bubble absorption performance. The orifice diameter, orifice number, liquid concentration and vapor velocity are considered as the key parameters. The departing bubbles tend to be spherical for surface tension dominant flow, and the bubbles tend to be hemispherical for inertial force dominant flow. A transition vapor Reynolds number is observed at a balance condition of internal absorption potential (by the concentration difference) and external absorption potential (by the vapor inlet mass flow rate). As the liquid concentration increases, the transition Reynolds number and the initial bubble diameter increase. The initial bubble diameter increases with an increase of the orifice diameter while it is not significantly affected by the number of orifices. Residence time of bubbles increases with an increase in the initial bubble diameter and the liquid concentration. This study presents a correlation of initial bubble diameter with ±20% error band. The correlation can be used to calculate the interfacial area in the design of ammonia-water bubble absorber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Absorption system
  • Ammonia/water
  • Bubble
  • Geometry
  • Refrigerating system
  • Reynolds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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