Working Alone, Limited Restroom Accessibility, and Poor Menstrual Health Among Cosmetics Saleswomen in South Korea

Bokyoung Choi, Jaehong Yoon, Ji Hwan Kim, Junghun Yoo, Glorian Sorensen, Seung Sup Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) at work has been neglected in occupational health research despite its importance for female workers’ health. This study investigated the association between hours of working alone and poor menstrual health among 740 cosmetics saleswomen in South Korea. Hours of working alone in a day were classified into 4 categories. MHM was measured by asking “Over the past six months, have you ever experienced that you could not change your sanitary pad when you need to change it at work?” We also measured the experience of dermatopathy due to unchanged sanitary pads. Cosmetics saleswomen who worked alone for 3 h or more in a day reported a higher prevalence of ever being unable to change the sanitary pads (prevalence ratio [PR] 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.37–2.46) and dermatopathy due to unchanged sanitary pads (PR 2.06, 95% CI: 1.18–3.59) than those who worked alone less than 1 h in a day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalNew Solutions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful for the Korean Federation of Service Worker's Union's support for collecting the data. The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • South Korea
  • cosmetics saleswomen
  • menstrual health
  • menstrual hygiene management
  • sanitary pads
  • working alone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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