Young adults, mortality, and employment

Evelyn P. Davila, Sharon L. Christ, Alberto J. Caban-Martinez, David J. Lee, Kristopher L. Arheart, William G. Leblanc, Kathryn E. McCollister, Tainya Clarke, Frederick Zimmerman, Elizabeth Goodman, Carles Muntaner, Lora E. Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study assessed the relationship between employment status and mortality over a 2-year period among a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years (n = 121,478, representing more than 21 million US young adults). Methods: By using data from the 1986-2000 National Health Interview Survey and its public-use mortality follow-up through 2002, mortality after 2-year follow-up (for each individual) was regressed on employment status at baseline, controlling for gender, race, education, season, and survey design. Results: Having been employed was associated with significantly lower risks of all-cause, homicide, and "other-cause" mortality (adjusted odds ratios range: 0.51 to 0.60). Conclusion: Working appears to be a factor that may prevent premature mortality among young adults; increasing unemployment may result in increased mortality risks among young adults in the future. Copyright 2010

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-504
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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