Y2SiO5:Ce phosphor particles 0.5-1.4 μm in size with spherical morphology

Yun Chan Kang, I. Wuled Lenggoro, Seung Bin Park, Kikuo Okuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Ce-doped Y2SiO5 phosphor particles with spherical morphology, small size, high crystallinity, and good photoluminescence (PL) intensity were prepared by spray pyrolysis. The characteristics of prepared particles were compared with those of commercial ones. The particles annealed above 1000°C had a clear crystallinity of Y2SiO5, and the crystal structure changed from X1 to X2 type after annealing above 1200°C. The mean size of the particles increased from 0.5 to 1.4 μm when the overall solution concentrations were varied from 0.045 to 0.9 mol/liter. The photoluminescence intensity and crystallinity of particles increased as the particle size and preparation temperature were increased. The annealed particles larger than 0.8 μm maintained a spherical morphology. Emission of blue light was observed after annealing above 1000°C on excitation with an UV light. The PL spectra particles annealed below 1100°C had maximum values at 450 nm, and shifted to the smaller wavelengths after annealing above 1200°C. The brightness of particles increased with increasing annealing temperatures due to favorable crystallization and had a maximum at 1400°C. The particles annealed above 1400°C exhibited intensities higher than those of particles produced commercially.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of Japan (Grant 10650745) and the Hiroshima Industrial Technology Organization (Regional Science Promoter Program) is gratefully acknowledged. One of us (Y.C.K.) thanks the Korean Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) for a postdoctoral fellowship.


  • Blue phosphor
  • Particles
  • Photoluminescence
  • Spherical morphology
  • YSiO:Ce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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