In this study, a one-pot ion- and liquid-assisted grinding (ILAG) synthesis of ZIF-8-based catalysts was proposed and compared with a conventional stepwise synthesis to determine an appropriate method for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The performance characteristics of one-pot- and stepwise-synthesis catalysts were measured by various physicochemical and electrochemical characterization methods. In lab-scale production, the material cost of the one-pot-synthesis catalyst was seven times lower than that of the stepwise-synthesis catalyst. The surface structural characteristics of the one-pot- and stepwise-synthesis catalysts were identical, and the two catalysts showed similar onset potentials that were close to that of a Pt/C. However, based on PEMFC tests, the maximum power density of the one-pot-synthesis catalyst was lower than that of the stepwise-synthesis catalyst owing to the smaller micropore area of one-pot-synthesis catalyst. Nonetheless, the difference between maximum power densities was only 9.6% despite the large disparity in the material cost. Thus, the proposed one-pot-synthesis catalyst can be recommended as a promising non-platinum group metal (PGM) catalyst, but further research to improve its micropore area and performance is required.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1A2C2008539 ).
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1A2C2008539).
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- Ion- and liquid-assisted grinding
- Non-platinum group metal catalyst
- One-pot synthesis
- Oxygen reduction reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology